|People living with HIV/AIDS, 2009||22,500,000|
|Women (aged 15+) with HIV/AIDS, 2009||12,100,000|
|Children with HIV/AIDS, 2009||2,300,000|
|Adult HIV prevalence (%), 2009||5.0|
|AIDS deaths, 2009||1,300,000|
nd = No data
Population Reference Bureau &
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| Regional Overview|
Abstracted from the 2010 Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic, UNAIDS, November 2010..
| Epidemiology and Trends|
Sub-Saharan Africa still bears an inordinate share of the global HIV burden. The epidemics in sub-Saharan Africa vary considerably, with southern
Africa still the most severely affected. An estimated 11.3 million [10.6 million-11.9 million] people were living with HIV in southern Africa in 2009, nearly one third (31%) more than the 8.6 million
[8.2 million- 9.1 million] people living with HIV in the region a decade earlier. Globally, 34% of people living with HIV in 2009 resided in the 10 countries in southern Africa; 31% of new HIV infections in the same year occurred in these 10 countries, as did 34% of all AIDS-related deaths. About 40% of all adult
women with HIV live in southern Africa.
HIV incidence is falling in 22 countries in sub-Saharan Africa. The HIV incidence appears to have peaked in the mid-1990s, and there is evidence of declines in incidence in several countries in sub-Saharan Africa. Between 2001 and 2009, the incidence
of HIV infection declined by more than 25% in an estimated 22 countries. In Zimbabwe, the main behavioral change appears to have been a reduction in the proportion of men with casual partners, while condom use with nonregular
partners has remained high since the late 1990s. With an estimated 5.6 million [5.4 million-5.8 million] people living with HIV in 2009, South Africa's epidemic remains the largest in the world. New indications show a slowing of HIV incidence amid some signs of a shift towards
safer sex among young people. The annual HIV incidence among 18-year-olds in South Africa declined sharply from 1.8% in 2005 to 0.8% in 2008, and among women 15-24 years old it dropped from 5.5% in 2003-2005 to 2.2% in 2005-2008.
Other epidemics in southern Africa have also leveled off at very high levels. At an estimated 25.9% [24.9%-27.0%] in 2009, Swaziland has the highest adult HIV prevalence in the world.
The epidemics in East Africa have declined since 2000 but are stabilizing in many countries. The HIV incidence slowed in the United Republic of Tanzania to about 3.4 per 1000 person-years between 2004 and 2008. The national HIV prevalence in Kenya fell from about 14% in the mid-1990s to 5% in 2006. The HIV prevalence in Uganda has stabilized at between 6.5% and 7.0%
since 2001. The HIV prevalence in Rwanda has been about 3.0% since 2005.
The HIV prevalence in West and Central Africa remains comparatively low, with the adult HIV prevalence estimated at 2% or under in 12 countries in 2009 (Benin, Burkina Faso, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Senegal, and Sierra Leone).
The prevalence of HIV is highest in Cameroon at 5.3% [4.9%-5.8%], Central African Republic 4.7% [4.2%-5.2%], Côte d'Ivoire 3.4% [3.1%-3.9%], Gabon 5.2% [4.2%-6.2%], and Nigeria 3.6% [3.3%-4.0%]. Slight declines in prevalence have been detected in household surveys in Mali
and Niger and among antenatal clinic attendees in Benin, Burkina Faso, Côte d'Ivoire, and Togo.
| Health and Development Profiles|
| Surveys and Assessments|
| Policy Reports and Papers|
| Journal Articles|
| Research Summaries|
| Online Books and Chapters|
| Provider Education and Training|
| Clinician Support Tools|
| Program Management Materials|
| International Organizations|
| International HIV/AIDS Alliance|
Organization donates technical and financial support to HIV prevention, AIDS care, and orphans projects. Site features electronic library of NGO/CBO resources and numerous related links.
| PharmAccess International|
Organization facilitates access to anti-AIDS medications and clinical care. Site details projects and provides information on new medical therapies.
| Other Organizations|
|Commonwealth Regional Health Community|
Encourages cooperation in health among fourteen countries in East, Central, and Southern Africa through capacity building, policy and advocacy, research and evaluation, and information sharing.
|Panos Southern Africa AIDS Program|
Based in Lusaka. Works with media and other information actors to enable developing countries to shape and communicate their own development agendas through informed public debate; particular focus on amplifying the voices of the poor and marginalized. Numerous HIV/AIDS-related activities and publications.
| HIV/AIDS Web Sites|
Funded by USAID; seeks to improve family planning and reproductive health services reaching underserved groups.
Launched by the Fondation du Présent; moderated by Health & Development Networks, and hosted by Health Systems Trust, Durban, South Africa.
Funded by USAID and DFID; seeks to provide youth with the skills to fight HIV/AIDS through the medium of popular entertainment.
|Broadcast HIV Africa|
The African Broadcast Media Partnership Against HIV/AIDS. Launched December 1, 2006.
|Center for African Family Studies|
International NGO that seeks to strengthen the capacity of sub-Saharan African organizations working in family planning, HIV/AIDS, and related reproductive health services. In English and French.
This web site features weekly broadcasts from Kimasomaso, a Swahili radio series which explores sexual and reproductive health issues with and by young people.
|Society on AIDS in Africa|
The goal of the society is decreasing the spread and mitigating the impact of HIV/AIDS in the African continent.
|Research Africa Database|
This site lists research projects on HIV/AIDS, malaria and TB in Sub-Saharan Africa by country. Maintained by RTI International with support from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID).
| Conferences and Events|
| News Sources and Periodicals|
|All Africa: AIDS|
Can also search by country and numerous other topics. Includes Panafrican News Agency stories in French.
|Africa News Update|
Articles from major African media compiled by Norwegian Council for Africa (NGO). Free email subscription to daily news digests.
Includes extensive country-level links.
|Integrated Regional Information Networks (IRIN)|
News service of the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, in partnership with ReliefWeb. Reports on political, economic, and social issues affecting humanitarian efforts in Africa. Daily news organized by subregion and country. Includes PlusNews, an HIV/AIDS news service. Some services
available in French and Kiswahili.
|Journalists Against AIDS (JAAIDS) Nigeria|
Website offers HIV/AIDS information for the following West African countries: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, Niger, Côte d'Ivoire, Gabon, The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Liberia, Mauritania, Mali, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, and Togo. Also contains information on the media and HIV/AIDS in Africa, links, and the Nigeria-AIDS eForum. In English and French.
|Media Institute of Southern Africa|
Based in Windhoek, Namibia; activities include facilitating accessibility of local and regional news.
A mailing list run by the Media Institute of Southern Africa. Provides local and regional news updates.
| Other Information Sources|
|African Digital Library|
Joint project of the Association of African Universities, Technikon SA, and netLibrary. Free to users in Africa.
Includes access to libraries and learning center. Sponsored by Technikon SA and the Association of African Universities.
An HIV/AIDS information portal for southern Africa developed by the South African Medical Research Council (MRC). Site aims to disseminate important information on HIV/AIDS to researchers, the health profession, the public, infected individuals, educators and policy makers
A French-language information network for organisations and institutions working in the field of adolescent sexual and reproductive health in Francophone West Africa.